THE EVOLUTION OF DEBT SLAVERY IN THE UNITED STATES IN MODERN TIMES – Part One                                                                                                                                                                         By Scott E. Stafne     I remember seeing my great uncle Edward C. Stafne for the last time at a party given by my cousin Anne Louise Hawkes in Redmond, Washington. I was in my late twenties. Uncle Edward was in his seventies. I had seen Uncle Ed on and off growing up when Mom, Dad, my brother Todd, and I would take road trips from Bettendorf, Iowa to visit my parents’ parents (Todd and my grandparents) in Minneapolis, Minnesota. Uncle Ed and his wife, and their son Eric Stafne lived in Rochester, Minnesota which was on the way to Minneapolis. Edward Stafne worked at the Mayo Clinic as an oral surgeon. Family lore and a newspaper article I once read stated that Uncle Ed gave a memorial address for each of the Mayo brothers at their funerals. Uncle Ed was the oral surgeon who in 1942 discovered a … Continue Reading


MEMORIAL DAY IS A TIME REFLECT The practice of decorating soldiers’ graves is an ancient one. Reports and discussions describing the history of Memorial day in the United States suggests it evolved during and after the Civil War. The practice of devoting a day for decorating soldiers’ graves appears to have begun in the South; and was later copied in the North. On May 5, 1868 General John A. Logan issued a proclamation calling for “Decoration Day” to be observed annually and nationwide. “Memorial Day” was first used as a synonym for “Decoration Day” in 1882. But “Decoration Day” was not officially changed to “Memorial Day” until 1967. That was the year I graduated from high school. In 1967 the United States was in the midst the Vietnam War, which lasted for us Americans from 1965 until 1973. Of course, this was only one of the many wars the United States had fought since 1776. Did you know our country has been at war for over 93% of its existence?   Do you consider it odd (or deplorable) that the United States has never gone a decade without war? Do you consider it odd that the only time the United States has gone five years without war (1935-40) was during the Great Depression? If you doubt the United States’ warring nature, you can check out the statistics by clicking here and here. How many of these wars do you believe were fought to protect or help us, the people, as opposed to growing lining the pockets of the military, industrial complex and the … Continue Reading